Characterization and Efficient Utilization of emerging Wood Fuel Species for Charcoal Production in the Savanna Transition Zone of Ghana

Project Team: Sparkler, B.S., Obiri, B.D., Derkyi, N.S.A., Dabo, J. and Adjei, R.

Background

Ninety percent (90%) of wood fuel supply in Ghana is derived directly from the natural forest. Over exploitation of traditional hard wood species such as Anogeissus leiocarpus (Kane), Milicia excelsa (Odum) and Khaya senegalensis (Mahogany) has resulted in scarcity of these species. Th is has led to charcoal producers switching to new soft wood species, which produce loads of charcoal dust, burns quickly, and generates charcoal of poor quality. In spite of this shi\Z in tree species used for charcoal production, there is virtually no empirical information on the emerging wood fuel species that are used for charcoal production.

Read more ...

Capacity building for CDM forestry in the framework of SFM emphasizing community forests and poverty alleviation in Ghana

Project Team: Emmanuel Opuni-Frimpong, Victor K. Agyeman, Beatrice Darko Obiri, K. A Ghartey, David F. Karnosky, Nana Yaa Nyarko-Duah, Samuel Mensah Opoku, Andrew Burton

Background

Defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, allows Non-Annex 1 countries to achieve sustainable development and contribute to the objective of the UNFCCC which is to prevent dangerous Climate Change and assist Annex 1 countries to achieve compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments. It allows countries with reduction or emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex 1 Party) to implement an emission-reduction project in developing countries. CDM allows for emissions reduction and removal. CDM projects that can be carried out in Non-Annex 1 countries include Afforestation/Reforestation; Energy; Waste Management, Transport  etc.  Projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction (CERs) credits (each CER is equivalent to one tonne of CO2). These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by Annex 1 countries to meet part of the emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. Two major features of any CDM project  are: Additionality Technology transfer. Other conditions that have to be satisfied by a CDM project are: Permanence and Leakage.

Read more ...

Biodiversity in Dry Semi-Deciduous Forest Zone: Comparison between Natural Forest, Cleared Forest and Teak Plantations in Ghana

Project Team: Kankam, B.O., Opuni-Frimpong, E., Ofori-Boateng, C.A., Duah-Gyamfi , A. and Mensah, J.K.

Background

Th e continuous loss of forest cover over the years and its consequent devastating effect on global environmental conditions necessitated the use of planted forests worldwide. In 2007, it was estimated that 121,127 hectares of plantations mainly from exotic species such as teak, cedrela, Gmelina, pines and eucalyptus had already been established in Ghana. However, the extent to which these plantations support biodiversity is unknown. Plantation may a ffect biodiversity either positively or negatively yet, we do not know how different wildlife may respond to di fferent plantation types (especially  teak as pursued in this research). Given that many forest organisms depend on old-growth microhabitats, there is a priori reason to expect differences in relative abundance and diversity of species (e.g. amphibians, butterflies, macrofungi) in natural forests and plantations.

Read more ...

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services from Remnant Forest/Sacred Groves: The Case of Tano Sacred Grove

Project Team: Bosu, P.P., Djagbletey, G., Ametsitsi, G.,Addo-Danso, S., Foli, E.G. and Cobbinah, J.R.

Background

Sacred groves are small areas of intact or slightly degraded primary forests reserved for religious and traditional rites. Th ese forest islands remain among the most valuable biodiversity hotspots for which much could be obtained for the conservation and sustainable management of forests for the future. e focal objectives of the study were to:
1. Assess the potential of the Tano Sacred Grove (TSG) to provide the ecosystem service of pollination to the surrounding agricultural landscape.
2. Determine soil nutrients and carbon stocks in the TSG and the various land-use types.

Allanblackia: Standard Setting and Sustainable Supply Chain Management (Phase II)

Project Team: Anglaaere, L.C.N., Blay, D., Damnyag, L., Dabo, J., Owusu, S. and Manu, E.

Background

Th is project, which is sponsored by the Swiss Economic Cooperation Organization (SECO), is a continuation of a fi rst phase that focused on establishing biological baselines for Allanblackia (AB) within five communities in the Western Region. It involved an assessment of phenology of species (flowering, fruiting, fruit size and number of seeds per pod), regeneration and growth rates of the Allanblackia tree on farms and in the forest. Following a successful completion of this phase, a proposal was made for a second phase to move the AB programme forward and to, among other things, increase population of AB within the landscape. Th e project was consequently up-scaled to cover 8 communities in the Western Region.

Read more ...

Advancing REDD+ in Ghana: Preparation of REDD+ Pilot Schemes in Off-Reserve Forests and Agroforests

Project Team: Oduro, K.A., Agyeman, V.K., Foli, E. & Damnyag, L.

Background

Th is project is preparing a major support component to Ghana’s Readiness Preparation Proposal (RPP) and aims at strengthening Ghana’s capacities to prevent and reduce deforestation and forest degradation and enhance carbon stocks (REDD+). It lays out the ground work for the development or enhancement of off -reserve production systems under REDD+ schemes, in line with e ort to reduce GHG emissions in forests. Th e present REDDES project is a preparatory step for an additional support component for the implementation of Ghana’s R-PP and is mainly concerned with developing a number of analytical works and the de finition of REDD+ pilots in off -reserve areas. Th e project
This also aimed at developing a framework to guide the implementation of REDD+ from the national to the local level. is shall allow Ghana to take stock of existing initiatives that have the potential to be considered under REDD+, as well as to concretely analyze promising REDD+ activities, which will be an integral part of the RPP.

Read more ...