The Impact of Logging Damage on Tropical Rainforests, their Recovery and Regeneration An Annotated Bibliography

Authors: W. D. Hawthorne, C. A. M. Marshall, M. Abu Juam and V. K. Agyeman

Impact of Logging Damage

This annotated bibliography is an output from a DFID/FRP project (R6716 – Impact of harvesting on forest mortality and regeneration in the high forest zones of Ghana). The aim of the project as a whole was to improve our knowledge of the negative impacts of logging in tropical rainforests, and to recommend improvements in the logging system. The focus of the bibliography therefore has a Ghanaian/West African slant, although papers from across the tropics are included as well as some relevant papers from temperate regions. At its core, the bibliography summarizes available knowledge on logging damage and recovery, forest regeneration, and the allometry, growth, dispersal, reproduction and death of trees related to logging disturbance. It also documents the logging system in Ghana. Some key zoological references are included, mainly thanks to the efforts of A. G. Johns and L. Darcy, which cover the impact of logging on tropical forest animal biodiversity, the role of animals as dispersers and pollinators, and as bio-indicators of forest condition. Social and economic impacts of logging are not treated, although they are of direct relevance to tropical forest management and conservation. This is a broad set of subject areas, each of which is extensive on its own, with a disproportionate amount of unpublished ‘grey’ literature circulating in internal reports and bulletins. We have tried to obtain some of the more relevant documents in the time available, but there must be very many more.

The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development

Book of Abstracts

Editors: Joseph R. Cobbinah and Stella B. Acquah

The First National Forestry Conference titled ‘The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development’ was  held at FORIG Campus, Kumasi from 16-18 September 2014. The conference objective was to highlight the role of forests and woodlands on livelihoods, environmental management and economic development of Ghana. It was jointly organized and sponsored by the Forestry Commission (FC), Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Forestry Research Network of Sub-Saharan Africa (FORNESSA), College of Agriculture & Natural Resources (CANR) of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Tropenbos International (TBI) Ghana, Ghana Timber Millers’ Organisation (GTMO), Ministry of Lands & Natural Resources (MLNR), and Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI).

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The Charcoal Industry in Ghana: An Alternative Livelihood Option for Displaced Illegal Chainsaw Lumber Producers

Authors: Beatrice Darko Obiri, Isaac Nunoo, Elizabeth Obeng, Francis Wilson Owusu and Emmanuel Marfo

The importance of charcoal in satisfying multiple socio-economic needs for income, food security and industrial purposes particularly in sub-Saharan Africa is widely acknowledged. Although charcoal production contributes to deforestation in these countries, development institutions are recently considering the charcoal industry as leverage for addressing poverty and environmental conservation. Tropenbos International Ghana and its partners seek to promote charcoal production as an alternative income source for illegal chainsaw lumber millers in Ghana. In support of this objective, this study assessed the charcoal supply and value chains as well as the economics of production methods and challenges in the industry in Ghana. Further, the feasibility of the switch from illegal chainsaw lumber milling to the charcoal industry, resource implications and potential challenges have been investigated to inform decisions for any such reforms.

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Technologies for Forest Management, Utilization and Development

Compiled by: Stella B. Acquah, Sarah Pentsil, Naomi Appiah, William K. Dumenu and Bukari Daramani

Handbook Over the years, CSIR-FORIG has developed a number of technologies and interventions through research. Technology here refers to ‘any specific information and know-how, tangible or intangible, required to solve a problem or for the development, production, management or use of resources (Wikipedia, 2012, UNESCO, 1985). Th e technologies generated at CSIR-FORIG are aimed at combating environmental degradation, safeguarding the sustainable use of the nation’s forest resources and improving rural livelihood. All these technologies have the potential to contribute positively to the social, economic and environmental wellbeing of Ghanaians. However, many of the technologies have not been properly packaged, publicised and transferred to target stakeholders, users and the general public in comprehensible language.

CSIR-FORIG provides a variety of forestry-related products and services. Th e products include forest products (seeds, seedlings and wood thinnings), chemical products (gums, tannins, dyes, prekese syrup), prototype wood products (beds, chairs etc.) developed from Lesser Used Species and non-timber forest products (mushrooms, snails, honey). The services provided by CSIR-FORIG include contract research, consultancy, training workshops (on transferable technologies), ecotourism and information and communication services. Th e knowledge-based products of CSIR-FORIG are developed technologies packaged, presented and published in local and international Journals, technical reports, conference/workshop papers, theses, manuals/guides, brochures and flyers. Technical extension services are also provided.

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Supply of chainsaw lumber to the domestic market: Preliminary results from a validation study

Authors: Francis Wilson Owusu, Lawrence Damnyag, Emmanuel Marfo and Gertrude Boateng Nantwi

This report was produced within the framework of the EU Chainsaw Milling Project “Supporting the integration of legal and legitimate domestic timber markets into Voluntary Partnership Agreements”. The project aims to find sustainable solutions to the problems associated with the production of lumber for local timber markets by involving all stakeholders in dialogue, information gathering and the development of alternatives to unsustainable chainsaw milling practices. In Ghana, the project is being carried out by Tropenbos International (TBI) in collaboration with the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and the Forestry Commission (FC).