Equitable forest reserve plantation revenue sharing in Ghana

Authors: Victor K. Agyeman , Elijah Danso, Kofi A. Marfo, Alex B. Asare,Michael O. Yeboah & Fredua Agyeman

The Taungya system (TS) is an establishment method for reforestation where farmers are given parcels of poorly stocked forests to produce food crops and help replant the degraded forest areas. The TS is usually practised in areas where there is land shortage and was introduced in the country in the early 1920. The TS was however suspended in 1984 primarily because of policy and legislative failures on benefit sharing, poor security of tenure and resource use rights, abuse of system by farmers and inability of the Forestry Department (FD) - now the Forest Services Division (FSD) of the Forestry Commission (FC) to effectively supervise the programme.

Read more ...

Development assistance in the forestry sector

Impacts over the last two decades and implications for the future

Authors: Chris Beeko, Kwame Antwi Oduro, Elizabeth Asantewaa Obeng

 This study was commissioned under the Growing Forest Partnerships initiative in Ghana. The purpose of the study was to provide inputs that can challenge and influence the direction and quality of development assistance in the forest sector in such a manner as to return optimum contribution to the governance environment, growth of institutions, and the development of the resource. The forest sector of Ghana can be credited for the role it has played in the country’s economic development. Currently, the sector contributes four percent to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Over the last two decades, there have been several efforts from development partners to assist the sector improve on its contribution to national socio-economic development. Consequently, the sector has consistently received millions of dollars of development assistance from various development partners. In the past two decades, an amount in excess of US$ 643 million (in 2009 dollar value) has been pumped into the sector. This gives an average, between 1989-2009, of US$ 32 million a year (in 2009 dollar value). The forest sector aid architecture in Ghana has changed over the years.

Read more ...

Chainsaw Operators, Alternative livelihood options and climate change mitigation

Authors: Acheampong, Emmanuel Marfo and Shalom Addo-Danso

This study sought to assess the preferences of chainsaw dependent communities for forest- based alternative livelihood interventions that also have potential for climate change mitigation. In particular, the study attempted to answer the following research questions:

  1. What forest-based interventions have the potential to support both rural livelihoods and climate change mitigation efforts simultaneously?
  2. What are the specific preferences of chainsaw operatives for such interventions and the reasons behind their preferences?
  3. What measures should be in place for the preferred forest-based alternative livelihood interventions to be successfully implemented?

This report was produced within the framework of the EU Chainsaw Milling Project “Supporting the integration of legal and legitimate domestic timber markets into Voluntary Partnership Agreements”. The project aims to find sustainable solutions to the problems associated with the production of lumber for local timber markets by involving all stakeholders in dialogue, information gathering and the development of alternatives to unsustainable chainsaw milling practices. In Ghana, the project is being carried out by Tropenbos International (TBI) in collaboration with the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and the Forestry Commission (FC).

Chainsaw milling in Ghana, Context, drivers and impacts

Author: Emmanuel Marfo

This report synthesizes the various studies and discussions that have been carried out on chainsaw milling (CSM) in Ghana. It is targeted to policymakers, researchers and indeed all stakeholders, both in Ghana and elsewhere. It is intended to provide up-to-date information about chainsaw milling in Ghana. It builds on various reviews and studies conducted between 2005 and 2009 (Odoom 2005; Adam et al. 2007a, b and c; Marfo, Adam and Obiri 2009; and TIDD/FORIG 2009), and on papers presented at an African regional workshop on chainsaw milling, held in Accra on 25-26 May 2009 (TBI 2009).

Read more ...

Barriers to Sustainability of Alternative Livelihoods. A Case Study of a Forest Reserve in Ghana

Authors: Eric Nutakor, Brefo Sparkler Samar, Emmanuel Marfo and Kwame Antwi Oduro

This report presents the results of a case study of barriers to alternative livelihoods in Ghana. It assessed forestry related alternative livelihoods that were introduced within some communities fringing Nsemire forest reserve located in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana.

The objectives of the study were to:

Identify barriers to developing viable alternative livelihoods for forest-fringe communities and chainsaw operatives.

Identify measures that can facilitate the removal of barriers to sustaining alternative livelihoods in forest fringe communities.

Read more ...