Soils of degraded forest reserves and key species for plantation development in Ghana

Authors: Victor K. Agyeman, James Senaya, Luke C. N. Anglaaere, Christian D. Dedjoe, Ernest G. Foli & Stella Britwum Acquah

This publication gives a description of consociations, associations and complexes of soils that are encountered in some forest reserves in Ghana. The information provided is mainly on the major characteristics of the soils encountered and their suitability for plantation development in the forest reserves. It does not capture information on the extent of individual soils found suitable for purposes other than commercial forest plantation development.

Over 50 per cent of all the degraded forest reserves earmarked for plantation development have soils that are generally considered very good (S1) and are capable of supporting good growth of the forest tree species selected for the establishment of plantations.

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Scenario and cost benefit analysis of proposed policy options for the supply of legal timber to the domestic market

Authors: Gene Birikorang, Emmanuel Marfo, Kyere Boateng and Beatrice Obiri-Darko

Under the VPA with the European Union, Ghana has made a commitment to ensure that legal timber is not only traded on the export market but on the domestic market as well. Therefore, Ghana is seriously looking for options for supplying legal timber to the domestic market. The EU is supporting the Government through the NREG Programme and a Tropenbos International Ghana led project to develop alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling through a multi-stakeholder dialogue process backed by scientific research. These initiatives have developed the following three policy directions as a first step towards formulating specific strategic options for dealing with the problem:

Sawmills to supply the domestic market with legal timber obtained from sustained yields;

Sawmills and artisanal millers1 supply the domestic market with legal timber obtained from sustained yields ;

Artisanal millers supply all lumber required by the domestic market while sawmills focus on export, in keeping with the legal timber framework.

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REDD+ in agricultural landscapes: evidence from Ghana’s REDD+ process

Authors: Kwame Agyei, Victor K. Agyeman, Winston A. Asante, Daniel T. Benefoh, Juergen Blaser, Lawrence Damnyag, Angela Deppeler, Mélanie Feurer, Ernest G. Foli, Luca Heeb, Winnie Kofie, Maria  Klossner, Boateng Kyereh, Yaw Kwakye and Kwame A. Oduro

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013), global vegetation stores about the same amount of carbon dioxide as contained in the atmosphere, and tropical forests hold about half of that amount (Pan et al. 2011). Despite partially successful measures in some countries to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, tropical forest loss continued at an estimated 92000 km2 per year between 2000 and 2012 (Hansen et al. 2013), equivalent to about 24 football fields per minute. The resultant net loss of biomass is responsible for about 10% of global annual carbon dioxide emissions (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2013); tropical forest loss, therefore, is an important driver of climate change. The international community is aware of the climate-regulating role of forests and trees and has created a mechanism aimed at reducing tropical deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing the conservation and sustainable management of forests and forest carbon stocks, a mechanism usually known as REDD+. Under REDD+, tropical countries will be financially compensated for accomplished objectives in reducing deforestation and forest degradation, sustainably managing forests, conserving forest carbon stocks and enhancing forest carbon stocks. Around 65 countries have engaged in REDD+ preparations and are at different stages between policy development and national programme development under various multilateral frameworks (FCPF 2014). While the world is still “on the road to REDD+” (UN-REDD 2013), substantial progress was made in global climate talks in Warsaw in 2013 in developing the REDD+ concept as a globalscale measure to mitigate climate change. Moreover, REDD projects represent the majority of carbon-offset deals concluded in voluntary carbon markets in 2013 (Forest Trends 2014).

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Mixed indigenous species plantations in Ghana

Compiled by: P.P. Bosu, J.R. Cobbinah, B. Darko-Obiri, E.E. Nkrumah, S.S. Stephens & M. R. Wagner

Most forest plantations all over the world have been established using monoculture or single-species approach. Plantations consisting of two or more species on the same site, otherwise known as mixed-species plantations (or polycultures) are very few by comparison. One does not need to be an expert to figure why most tree growers prefer monoculture over mixed-species or polyculture systems. To a large extent, the motivation for most individuals or corporations to undertake tree plantation projects is economic. The objective may be to produce timber for construction, manufacture of furniture or some other secondary wood products. Plantations may also be established with the aim of producing utility poles, or raw materials for the manufacture of pulp and paper products. As the economic or financial return is key in all these ventures efforts are made to maximize the production of wood fibre with as little an investment as possible. Under such operational conditions, monoculture plantations are often preferred because of relative ease to establish and manage whether under small, medium or large-scale operations.

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Ghana Forest and Wildlife Handbook

Compiled and Edited by: Kwame A. Oduro, Akwasi Duah-Gyamfi, Stella B. Acquah, Victor K. Agyeman

Ghana Forest and Wildlife Resources

The Forestry Commission of Ghana is responsible for the regulation of forest and wildlife resources utilization, conservation and management and the coordination of policies related to them. As part of its policy of contributing in a timely manner to public debate on issues related to forest and wildlife resources, the Forestry Commission is committed to providing information on the status of these resources through the publication of a Forest & Wildlife Resources Handbook. Such information increases our understanding and knowledge of the status of forest and wildlife resources and provides a basis for informed debate on how best to encourage sustainable forest management. Ghana’s quest for sustainable forest management, which dates back to the early 1900’s, has largely involved enactment of legislations, policy reforms and other legal approaches for the control of forestry activities. In the mid-1990’s, reforms in the forestry sector culminated in the 1994 Forest and Wildlife Policy, and the 1996 Forestry Development Master Plan (1996 –2020). These and other recent regulatory tools and mechanisms have been the main driving force that has spurred Ghana to work towards sustainable forest management over the past decades. This Handbook is a compendium of information about forests and wildlife resources, forestry and wood processing in Ghana. It includes information on environmental and social aspects of forests and other related issues.

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