Addressing the Menace of Illegal Mining – Contribution of CSIR-FORIG

The rate of deforestation and forest degradation in Ghana has been on the rise in recent decades. From the country's original forest cover of 8.2 million hectares from the onset of the last century, only an estimated 1.6 million hectares remain. Currently, the deforestation rate is about 2.5% of the total land area of Ghana leading to an annual loss of about 135,000 ha. For example, between 1990 and 2000, the forest cover loss was about 387,256 ha (2%) whereas a total area of 531,364 ha (3%) was lost for the period 2000-2010 (FAO, 2016). The increasing trend of the deforestation rate in Ghana has been attributed to agricultural expansion, timber harvesting, population and development pressure, and mining and mineral exploitation (GRPP, 2010; FCPF, 2014). 

Download full article