Plants and Soil Microbial response to Herbicides during Plantation establishment in Ghana

Project Team: Apetorgbor, M.M., Peprah, T., Mensah,J.K., Duah-Gyam fi, A. and Darko-Obiri, B.

Background

Several hectares of plantations are being established in Ghana to reforest degraded forest lands for the past two decades. During the initial establishments of these plantations, diff erent herbicides are used by farmers to selectively remove or kill non-economic plant species, which often compete with the tree saplings for light, water, space and nutrients. Th e continual use of these herbicides depletes populations of ecologically important soil micro-organisms and causes loss of soil fertility. Th e herbicides also alter soil properties, such as pH, which in turn inhibits essential microbial activity.

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Biodiversity in Dry Semi-Deciduous Forest Zone: Comparison between Natural Forest, Cleared Forest and Teak Plantations in Ghana

Project Team: Kankam, B.O., Opuni-Frimpong, E., Ofori-Boateng, C.A., Duah-Gyamfi , A. and Mensah, J.K.

Background

Th e continuous loss of forest cover over the years and its consequent devastating effect on global environmental conditions necessitated the use of planted forests worldwide. In 2007, it was estimated that 121,127 hectares of plantations mainly from exotic species such as teak, cedrela, Gmelina, pines and eucalyptus had already been established in Ghana. However, the extent to which these plantations support biodiversity is unknown. Plantation may a ffect biodiversity either positively or negatively yet, we do not know how different wildlife may respond to di fferent plantation types (especially  teak as pursued in this research). Given that many forest organisms depend on old-growth microhabitats, there is a priori reason to expect differences in relative abundance and diversity of species (e.g. amphibians, butterflies, macrofungi) in natural forests and plantations.

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Management of forests established through rehabilitation of degraded forests by local communities in Ghana

Project Team:  D. Blay, L.Damnyag,  L. Anglaere, Twum Ampofo, F. Dwomoh, Local community reps

Project Duration: 2012-2015

Background

Continuous DFD both in and outside forest reserves  in Ghana has negative impact on local livelihood and the environment. The negative impacts are: Shortage of forest resources; Climate change effects; Loss of biodiversity; Phase I rehabilitated some of degraded forest areas with forest fringe communities collaboration. Local communities established 240 ha of plantations  in some degraded forest reserves. With new benefit-sharing farmers who planted the trees and land owners are entitled to 40%.

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National Forest Plantation Development Programme: Independent Technical Assessment

Project Implementation Team: K. Owusu-Afriyie, E.G. Foli, G. Ametsitsi, A. Duah-Gyamfi, S.Addo-Danso, E. Nutakor, B. Darko-Obiri, S. Adu-Bredu, S. B. Acquah, S. Akpalu, G. Djagbletey, J. Mensah, E. Obeng, C. Konto, S. Pentsil

Background

The new National Forest Plantation Development Programme (NFPDP) was launched in January 2010. It entailed nationwide establishment and maintenance of plantations in degraded forest reserves and outside forest reserves. In 2011, the MLNR engaged the services of independent verifiers to assess the performance of the programme after one year of implementation.The assessment was aimed at ascertaining: total area established; seedling survival rates; general condition of the plantations; health and safety standards for the workforce, and other relevant activities towards meeting the overall objectives. CSIR-FORIG, as one of the independent verifiers, was tasked to carry out the technical assessment in four regions: Brong Ahafo, Northern, Upper East and Upper West.

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Capacity building for CDM forestry in the framework of SFM emphasizing community forests and poverty alleviation in Ghana

Project Team: Emmanuel Opuni-Frimpong, Victor K. Agyeman, Beatrice Darko Obiri, K. A Ghartey, David F. Karnosky, Nana Yaa Nyarko-Duah, Samuel Mensah Opoku, Andrew Burton

Background

Defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, allows Non-Annex 1 countries to achieve sustainable development and contribute to the objective of the UNFCCC which is to prevent dangerous Climate Change and assist Annex 1 countries to achieve compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments. It allows countries with reduction or emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex 1 Party) to implement an emission-reduction project in developing countries. CDM allows for emissions reduction and removal. CDM projects that can be carried out in Non-Annex 1 countries include Afforestation/Reforestation; Energy; Waste Management, Transport  etc.  Projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction (CERs) credits (each CER is equivalent to one tonne of CO2). These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by Annex 1 countries to meet part of the emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. Two major features of any CDM project  are: Additionality Technology transfer. Other conditions that have to be satisfied by a CDM project are: Permanence and Leakage.

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Wildlife Survey, Capture and Translocation of Key Wildlife Species at Ajenjua Bepo Forest Reserve

Project Team: Bright Obeng Kankam, Caleb Ofori Boateng, Victor Kwame Agyeman

Funding Agency: Newmont Golden Ridge Ltd

Background

Mining operations destroy forest habitats and negatively impact on wildlife (WRM, 2004).   First survey before the forest was cleared: a total of 22 amphibians species, 9 reptiles species (7 snakes and 2 tortoises), 79 species of birds and 12 species of mammals were confirmed to be present. The survey team captured and translocated more some wild animals, mainly reptiles and amphibians to nearby forest reserves and national parks (Kankam et al., 2012).  An additional wildlife survey aimed at identifying species not recorded by previous efforts was recommended.

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