REDD+ in agricultural landscapes: evidence from Ghana’s REDD+ process
Published: Wednesday, 04 March 2015 14:24
Authors: Kwame Agyei, Victor K. Agyeman, Winston A. Asante, Daniel T. Benefoh, Juergen Blaser, Lawrence Damnyag, Angela Deppeler, Mélanie Feurer, Ernest G. Foli, Luca Heeb, Winnie Kofie, Maria Klossner, Boateng Kyereh, Yaw Kwakye and Kwame A. Oduro
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013), global vegetation stores about the same amount of carbon dioxide as contained in the atmosphere, and tropical forests hold about half of that amount (Pan et al. 2011). Despite partially successful measures in some countries to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, tropical forest loss continued at an estimated 92000 km2 per year between 2000 and 2012 (Hansen et al. 2013), equivalent to about 24 football fields per minute. The resultant net loss of biomass is responsible for about 10% of global annual carbon dioxide emissions (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2013); tropical forest loss, therefore, is an important driver of climate change. The international community is aware of the climate-regulating role of forests and trees and has created a mechanism aimed at reducing tropical deforestation and forest degradation and enhancing the conservation and sustainable management of forests and forest carbon stocks, a mechanism usually known as REDD+. Under REDD+, tropical countries will be financially compensated for accomplished objectives in reducing deforestation and forest degradation, sustainably managing forests, conserving forest carbon stocks and enhancing forest carbon stocks. Around 65 countries have engaged in REDD+ preparations and are at different stages between policy development and national programme development under various multilateral frameworks (FCPF 2014). While the world is still “on the road to REDD+” (UN-REDD 2013), substantial progress was made in global climate talks in Warsaw in 2013 in developing the REDD+ concept as a globalscale measure to mitigate climate change. Moreover, REDD projects represent the majority of carbon-offset deals concluded in voluntary carbon markets in 2013 (Forest Trends 2014).
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